Experiment #3: WHAT IS PHOTOGRAPHY

“You feel like the cord to the mother ship has been cut,” she said, “and now you’re floating in space.”

Carol Squiers, curator of the exhibition, What is a Photograph?

what
Artie Vierkant’s “Image Object Friday 7 June 2013 4:33PM, 2013.”
Higher Pictures, New York

 

EXHIBITIONS
• What Is A Photograph?
| Exhibition at International Center of Photography.
NYTimes Review

THE NEXT BIG PICTURE: With Cameras Optional, The new directions in photography?  Good slide show with this one!

What are we talking about when we talk about photography?
(with apologies to Raymond Carver and if you don’t know who Raymond Carver is, my heart just broke a little)

A copy of the catalog for WHAT IS A PHOTOGRAPHY is available for browsing in the digital lab.

DUST MAN IS ACTUALLY CALLED: Berndnaut Smilde!

 

BOOKS and ARTISTS from THE EDGE OF VISIONMarco Breuer Untitled (Fuse), gelatin silver paper, burned, 1996
THE EDGE OF VISION

The Edge of Vision, Revisited.
The Edge of Vision VIDEO INTERVIEWS! with most of the artists!!
Lyle Rexer explains the book’s concept


WALEAD BESHTY
|Video at MOMA | Abstract Art or Photography

New Photography (2009) at MOMA | Blog with interviews and video

CARTER MULL
At Marc Foxx gallery

DANIEL GORDON
website | exhibition at New York Hortcultural Society of New York

SARA ANGELUCCI
website | Artist in Residence (2014) at the AGO

ALISON ROSSITER
Article/Interview in BorderCrossings

DRONESTAGRAM |
description of project
TREVOR PAGLEN (the artist who started Dronestragram)

Penelope Umbrico
Article about Penelope Umbrico

JOHN HOUCK

RISA HOROWITZ
| Imaging Saturn (images) | Imaging Saturn blog

CARA BARER
Interview about banal but significant objects  | Talking about her work in FeatureShoot.

THOMAS RUFF
At David Zwirner Gallery

VIK MUNIZ
website | film | At MIT

JESSICA EATON
website | Also search this blog, there are several interviews with her.

MIKKO SINERVO
Helsinki Schoo

ADAM BROOMBERG and OLIVER CHANARIN
| website | The Day Nobody Died | Interview | At MOMA in the New Photography Show

General link for the New Photography Show at MOMA

MARCO BREUER
At Yossi Milo Gallery | Interview in St.Lucy

2013 Le Mois de la Photo a Montreal

 

PENELOPE UMBRICO
Article about Penelope Umbrico

TREVOR PAGLEN

THOMAS RUFF
Photograms for the New Age | At Gagosian Gallery

VIK MUNIZ
Website | Video at ICP

GARY FABIAN MILLER
website | In Camera-less photography at V&A musuem

CAMERA-LESS PHOTOGRAPHY at the Victoria and Albert Musuem
Directory of Artists (videos) |  Camera-less photography techniques

MARTIN KLIMAS
website

SARAH ANNE JOHNSON
At Stephen Bulger | Article in Border Crossings

 

Artists from the powerpoint for Assignment Three: What is Photography?

Guy Fabian Miller
John Pfahl
Liz Deschenes
Uta Barth
Ori Gershl
Martin Klimas
Dean Kessmann
Adam Fuss
Sara Greenberger Rafferty
Mike and Doug Starn (The Starn Twins)
Sarah Anne Johnson

Jason Salavon

Makers:
Robin Rhode | Interview with the artist
Thomas Demand
Holly Roberts
Molly Springfield
Laurie Simmons
Ann Hamilton (sculptor)
Andy Goldsworthy
Thomas Demand
Ruth Thorne Thomsen
Christian Boltanski
Robert Parke Harrison
Dieter Appelt
David Levinthal
Helen Van Meene
Laurie Simmons
Ann Hamilton (sculptor)
Andy Goldsworthy
Thomas Demand
Ruth Thorne Thomsen
Christian Boltanski
Robert Parke Harrison
Dieter Appelt
David Levinthal
Helen Van Meene
Abelardo Morell (amazing camera obscura)
Vik Muniz
Sigmar Polke
Gordon Matta-Clark
Aspen Mays

THE ROOT of Photography and how it relates to painting
Watch: David Hockney’s, A Secret Knowledge, (part 1), (part 2), (part 3).

A contemporary film where a non-artist makes a camera obscura and tries to paint like Vermeer. (It’s great!) TIM’S VERMEER

And finally, thinking about drawing!

Paul Chiappe

These are tiny tiny tiny drawings, based on vintage, found, photographs. Go here (it’s a great site) for more information

 

OTHER RESOURCES
St.Lucy
(Interviews with photographers)

ICP VIDEO ARCHIVE

BORDER CROSSINGS, Issue#119

Go here. It’s an amazing resource of artists.

 

geo-lawrence-1

All Images are from the NPR Picture Show blog. Lawrence with the 49-pound “Captive Airship.” Courtesy of the Lawrence Family

Before drones (and projects like Dronestagram) were used for photographic surveillance, people relied on balloons, kites and pigeons.  The camera in the above image was large enough to shoot large format film and required 9-17 kites to lift it.

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San Francisco Bay, 1906

Read the rest of the article and see more images here.

PIGEON CAM!
449px-Dr_Julius_Neubronner_patented_a_miniature_pigeon_camera_activated_by_a_timing_mechanism,_1903

A selection of images and pigeon cams | more about the origins, history and application | uses during war | The Pigeon Spy |

 

 

 

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After our conversation yesterday about the tension between analog and digital/fast and slow, I thought Emma and others would be interested in Bruno Ribeiro’s absurdist interpretation of Instagram.

And while we’re talking about Instagram, it’s worth mentioning, yet again, Dronestagram. And this:  Le Mois de la Photo a Montreal was Drone: The Automated Image. Search the site for better yet, download the program.

 

 

 

 

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Experiment #3 Drawing and photography

The artwork of Trevor and Ryan Oakes—identical twins who use drawing to investigate vision and sometimes mimic the results of a camera obscura. The Oakes produce their drawings on curved paper, because the curved surface mimics they way light enters the eye. The video won’t embed, so watch it http://graphics8.nytimes.com/bcvideo/1.0/iframe/embed.html?videoId=100000003056293&playerType=embed” target=”_blank”>here.

Read more about the artists in this piece: Redrawing an iconic photograph with camera-like precision from The New York Times.

The video references this iconic image, Edward Steichen’s, The Flatiron Building, (1905)

Steichen_FlatironBuilding_1905

Another video of the Oakes drawing machine:

 

 

Experiment #3 Hillman Photography Initiative • SELFIE CITY

Hillman Photography Initiative.

The Hillman Photography Initiative at Carnegie Museum of Art (CMOA) investigates the lifecycle of images: their creation, transmission, consumption, storage, potential loss, and reemergence. Technology accelerates the pace of this cycle, and often alters or redirects the trajectory of an image in unexpected, powerful ways.

The Hillman Photography Initiative is an incubator for innovative thinking on the photographic image. The Initiative centers around four projects that, taken together, investigate the boundaries and possibilities of photography through the way that an image travels. Conceived through an open, discursive process, unique in a museum setting, these projects include live public events at the museum, a pop-up reading room in the galleries, two collaborative web-based projects, and a series of commissions, including documentary videos, art projects, and writing. This website is designed to foster public conversations around the larger story that these four projects tell, and knit them together in a single experience.

**

The Hillman Photography Initiative has so many cool projects: Orphaned Images, The Invisible Photography, I’m especially excited for the upcoming issue about Physics and photographic processes! (nerd), and This Picture, which asks people to stop, look and respond to one image at a time. One image at a time—how we should all be looking. Looking, not swiping through SnapChat and Instagram.

**

SELFIE CITY!

RETHINKING what is a PORTRAIT? Experiment #2 (part 2)


Student work!


Kids With Santa, from the project, “100 Special Moments

JASON SALAVON
Portraits | Playboy | 100 Special Moments | Short statement

OLAFUR ELIASSON

Ice Watch Paris | The Weather Project at TATE MODERN | Studio Olafur Eliasson

NADAV ASSOR | Lessons On Leaving The Body | Julie M gallery

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Robert Burley
ryerson1

From the exhibit: The Disappearance of Darkeness.
An entire blog about Photography in a Post-Photographic Age

IAN WILLMS
4371_20x30_L1003130Web_med

Why We Walk (above photo) |

Other projects:
Between Liberties (A project about immigration) |
Look at all of his “longterm projects” they are all poignant and beautifully shot.

NANCY BURSON
| THE HUMAN RACE MACHINE | Early Composites | Early Work, Clamp Art (decently sized images)

 

THOMAS DEMAND
Matthew Marks gallery | MOMA
His Animations at DHC/ART in Montreal.

FELIX GONZALEZ-TORRES
Andrea Rosen |

SOPHIE CALLE
The Hotel Series | Thesis on Hotel Series | At the TATE (full screen images)

GILLIAN WEARING
Whitechapel Gallery (London) | Review in The Guardian

ANA MENDIETA
Review/Essay in FRIEZE | Images |

DAMIEN HIRST
Medicine Cabinets

JANINE ANTONI
Lick and Lather  | Luhring Augustine (gallery) | Art 21 video

LORNA SIMPSON

FRANCIS PICABIA

Machine Drawings

KIKI SMITH
Text at Guggenheim | Game Time

JON RAFMAN
Nine Eyes of Google Street View | Essay

Other artists to consider: Catherine Opie, Annette Messager, Chris Ironside, Cindy Sherman, Yoon Sung Min (Dwelling)

NIKI S. LEE
Museum of Contemporary Photography | The Creator’s Project, overview
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nikki_s_lee_original

Museum of Contemporary Photography | The Creator’s Project, overview

 

 

 

 

Assignment 2: Environmental Portraits

Twin1 Twin2

These images are from the Behold :The Photog blog at SLATE magazine. The first two images are portraits by Maja Daniels who was commissioned by New York magazine to photograph french identical twins, Monette and Mady. The project won the Contour by Getty Images Portrait Prize.
More images + Article

RINEKE DIJKSTRA
Rineke Dijkstra | Tate Modern | Cruel and Tender | Guggenheim | MORE Guggenheim

ALEC SOTH
| A conversation with Alec Soth

AUGUST SANDER
MOMA | Amber Online | August Sander. com

LAUREN GREENFIELD
Girl Culture | THIN

SHIZUKA YOKOMIZO
Museum of Contemporary Photography | Google
I’ve uploaded a .pdf on the courselink site.

HELEN VAN MEENE
A Conversation

TIMOTHY ARCHIBALD
A conversation | portraits

ARNOLD NEWMAN
Arnold Newman websitePDN gallery

JOEL STERNFELD

 

PFH37_SULTAN_My_Mother_Posing_for_Me_1984-700x571LARRY SULTAN | Pictures From Home

TINA BARNEY (an interview in Bomb Magazine )


Mary Ellen Mark |
Streetwise

BILL OWENS | Suburbia

STUDENT WORK | Andy Huckle

Experiment #1 Implications of Colour

A3710_vertical_1_final_flat-685x904.jpg

Shirley_1960_2.jpg

The Inherent Racism of A Kodak Shirley

Adam Broomberg and Oliver Chanarin, To Photograph the Details of A Dark Horse In Low Light, 2013 [Goodman Gallery]

Is this nonsense still a problem?


Richard Mosse
| Infra |Artist Statement video | Understanding the exhibit |
More info | About Mosse and his new exhibit “Incoming” in The British Journal of Photography

Mosse in Time magazine

 

Experiment #1 : Podcast links

JUST CHECKING: CAN YOU SEE COLOUR?

boat

You should be able to see a brown boat in the above image. If you can’t, you might have colour blindness.

 

PODCAST LINKS • REQUIRED LISTENING!

1. RADIOLAB
Listen to THIS episode of RADIOLAB. Click the LISTEN link at the top and you’ll hear the entire podcast. It is about one hour and eight minutes, but it’s broken into segments. Please listen to the ENTIRE podcast. It’s great!

After you listen to Radiolab podcast, watch this. Behold! Watch this Mantis Shrimp!

WHAT COLOUR IS THE SKY?
After listening to the RadioLab podcast, you might be thinking What colour is the sky?

2. THE FOSBURY FLOP!
CBC podcast, The Current | Mechanics of the Game Changers

Here is what high-jump looked like before Dick Fosbury. And here, is what the high-jump look like after Dick Fosbury. Further info about the Fosbury Flop technique.

 

 

 

Experiment #1 Understanding vision and color

 

TEST YOUR COLOUR SENSITIVITY (thanks Alison!)
Test from Pantone

THE SCIENCE OF COLOUR AND LIGHT
Optical illusions show how we see.

Color and Physics

Colour and light, explained by Bill Nye (the science guy).

Light Fantastic 4: Light, The Universe, and Everything.

A BBC video that explores, “the research on the strange relationship between light, the eye and mind, and the development of new technologies such as photography and film”

This is an interesting TED talk about Colour Theory.

 

FOUNDATIONS of VISION: COLOR
Fantastic resource via Stanford University

 

ALTERED PERCEPTION and VISION
Dr. George Stratton

Dr. George Stratton’s original article,
SOME PRELIMINARY EXPERIMENTS ON VISION WITHOUT INVERSION OF THE RETINAL IMAGE.

Summary and explanation of Stratton’s work, courtesy of the staff of San Francisco’s Museum of Science, Art, and Human Perception.

Newer article, based on Stratton’s research.

Great WIRED article about neuroplasticity, vision, and perception.

Video showing inverted vision experiments: Living in a Reversed World.

THE ILLUSION OF COLOUR CONSTANCY | Color Subjectivity | Living in the past
Video.
Is your red my red? No. It isn’t.

The neurological lag between seeing light and understanding/processing light.

What is video, anyway?

“It’s all to do with our cone cells, one of the two types of photoreceptors within our eye’s retina, which are responsible for color vision. We have three types of cones, which are sensitive to blue, green or red wavelengths of light. When we’re exposed to a lot of one color, that particular type of cone gets overstimulated and becomes “tired” and unresponsive. This leaves you temporarily with the use of only your other two types of cone, which show the opposing “complementary” color (i.e red versus green and blue versus yellow). After a few seconds, the cones “recharge” and you’re able to perceive that color again.” – IFLS

 

THE ILLUSION OF COLOUR CONSTANCY | Color Subjectivity | Living in the past
Video.
Is your red my red? No. It isn’t.

The neurological lag between seeing light and understanding/processing light.

What is video, anyway?

 

COLOUR AND LANGUAGE
This video explores the relationship between the development of language and the processing and understanding of colour.

 

 

 

 

Experiment #1 The History of Color Photography

George Eastman House’s photostream on Flickr. Excellent historic images.

Short video about the Autochrome process, from The ImageWorks in Rochester, NY.

Concise History of Color Photography with excellent images and text.

The George Eastman House: Notes on Photographs: An international forum for gathering information that enhances the communal understanding of the photographic print.

A short video about the history of color photography from the Smithsonian Institution (Washington, DC)

History and manufacture of Lantern Slides.

The scandal and possible truth surrounding Levi Hill who claimed to have invented color photography.

 

THE FIRST DIGITAL CAMERA

digitalcamera_240

(Image from the New York Times Magazine)

This is the first DIGITAL (filmless) camera. 1975!
Wonder why it took so long to be on the consumer market? Read this.

colorful pixels

 

A list of links about the origins of the digital camera, as well as other connections between photography and technology.

PICTURES OF CATS! (before the Internet)

cat
Just in case you think cats + social media is new, (mew?) it’s not.

Maker: S.L. Upham & Fowler
Title: Cat / opaque background
Date: ca. 1875
Medium: albumen print
Dimensions: Image: 9.5 x 5.5 cm Mount: 10.1 x 6.2 cm
This image is from the George Eastman House Flickr Feed.

 

MORE ABOUT THE HISTORY OF PHOTOGRAPHY
If you’re interested in more information about the History of Photography, check out this and this.

 

THE ORIGINS OF PHOTOGRAPHY–the CAMERA OBSCURA

In the above posts, you’ll find a brief history of the camera obscura, how many painters such as Vermeer used a camera obscura to aid in his painting, as well as contemporary artists who use the camera obscura.

If you’re interested in the connection between Vermeer and the camera obscura, this is a compelling documentary:

Tim’s Vermeer” a documentary by Penn and Teller (yes, THAT Penn and Teller) about one man’s obsession with discovering Vermeer’s secrets. Hint: camera obscura! Trailer | NY Times article | TIFF summary

 

land_0
Dr. Edwin H. Land.
Photo copyright J.J.Scarpetti.
Image from: The Rowland Institute at Harvard

EDWIN LAND
Video about Edwin Land (the inventor of Polaroid) and his two color process. An article describing the relationship between Edwin Land’s experiments and James Clark Maxwell’s discoveries.

POLAROID NOW: The Impossible Project


CMYK

Short film, creative interpretation of cymk in everyday printing (cereal boxes, etc)

THE HISTORY OF COLOUR MODELS
To augment our class discussion about colour, learn about the history of the colour wheel.

History of Color Models
Color Models
Color: Standford University Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Jason Salavon, pushes boundaries between photography/computer science/video etc.  Here is his interpretation of the Colour Wheel.