Brief History of Photography: Photo I

But first, this. A different way of thinking about why we take photographs

This post supplements the Brief History of Photography lecture in Photo 1.

Abelardo Morrell: The Making of a Camera Obscura

Abelardo Morell’s website.

David Hockney’s, A Secret Knowledge, (part 1), (part 2), (part 3).

The book. The DVD. An article about the book.

Not everyone agrees with Hockney’s thesis. Some counter arguments, here and here. The later one is perhaps the most valid because its author is a scholar. Hockney’s project has inspired further exploration and scholarship.

Jerry Spagnoli: contemporary daguerreotypist. A video presentation. His website.

BBC program: The Genius of Photography

Sally Mann
, contemporary collodion.

George Eastman House on Flickr

Tim’s Vermeer“a documentary by Penn and Teller (yes, THAT Penn and Teller) about one man’s obsession with discovering Vermeer’s secrets. Hint: camera obscura! Trailer | NY Times article | TIFF summary

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Experiment #1 The History of Color

George Eastman House’s photostream on Flickr. Excellent historic images.

Short video about the Autochrome process, from The ImageWorks in Rochester, NY.

Concise History of Color Photography with excellent images and text.

The George Eastman House: Notes on Photographs: An international forum for gathering information that enhances the communal understanding of the photographic print.

A short video about the history of color photography from the Smithsonian Institution (Washington, DC)

History and manufacture of Lantern Slides.

The scandal and possible truth surrounding Levi Hill who claimed to have invented color photography.

 

THE FIRST DIGITAL CAMERA

digitalcamera_240

(Image from the New York Times Magazine)

This is the first DIGITAL (filmless) camera. 1975!
Wonder why it took so long to be on the consumer market? Read this.

colorful pixels

 

A list of links about the origins of the digital camera, as well as other connections between photography and technology.

PICTURES OF CATS! (before the Internet)

cat
Just in case you think cats + social media is new, (mew?) it’s not.

Maker: S.L. Upham & Fowler
Title: Cat / opaque background
Date: ca. 1875
Medium: albumen print
Dimensions: Image: 9.5 x 5.5 cm Mount: 10.1 x 6.2 cm
This image is from the George Eastman House Flickr Feed.

 

MORE ABOUT THE HISTORY OF PHOTOGRAPHY
If you’re interested in more information about the History of Photography, check out this and this.

 

THE ORIGINS OF PHOTOGRAPHY–the CAMERA OBSCURA

In the above posts, you’ll find a brief history of the camera obscura, how many painters such as Vermeer used a camera obscura to aid in his painting, as well as contemporary artists who use the camera obscura.

If you’re interested in the connection between Vermeer and the camera obscura, this is a compelling documentary:

Tim’s Vermeer” a documentary by Penn and Teller (yes, THAT Penn and Teller) about one man’s obsession with discovering Vermeer’s secrets. Hint: camera obscura! Trailer | NY Times article | TIFF summary

 

land_0
Dr. Edwin H. Land.
Photo copyright J.J.Scarpetti.
Image from: The Rowland Institute at Harvard

EDWIN LAND
Video about Edwin Land (the inventor of Polaroid) and his two color process. An article describing the relationship between Edwin Land’s experiments and James Clark Maxwell’s discoveries.

POLAROID NOW: The Impossible Project


CMYK

Short film, creative interpretation of cymk in everyday printing (cereal boxes, etc)

THE HISTORY OF COLOUR MODELS
To augment our class discussion about colour, learn about the history of the colour wheel.

History of Color Models
Color Models
Color: Standford University Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Jason Salavon, pushes boundaries between photography/computer science/video etc.  Here is his interpretation of the Colour Wheel.

 

 

Digital Nonsilver | Major Project One

ONE OF THE FIRST PHOTOGRAPHS

Boulevard_du_Temple_by_Daguerre
Louis Jacques Daguerre,”Boulevard du Temple”, 1830
Earliest candid photograph of a person.
More about Daguerre

38280_stdJean-Bernard-Léon Foucault
Brewer’s Yeast, 1844
Daguerreotype, 9.5 x 12.7 cm (3 3/4 x 5 ins)
Société Française de Photographie
This plate was included in the exhibition “The Dawn of Photography: French Daguerreotypes, 1839-1855”.
The above  image was found on Luminous-Lint. com

WHAT IS A PHOTOGRAPH?
“You feel like the cord to the mother ship has been cut,” she said, “and now you’re floating in space.” Carol Squiers, curator of the exhibition, What is a Photograph?

what
Artie Vierkant’s “Image Object Friday 7 June 2013 4:33PM, 2013.”
Higher Pictures, New York

 

FROM THE READINGS
The Batchen article is from the catalog for What is A Photograph? , an exhibition curated by Carol Squiers at the International Center of Photgraphy (ICP) in New York City.

• Here is a brief description/analysis of the exhibition written by Lyle Rexler for TIME magazine’s photo blog, LIGHTBOX

Recommended reading: Thinking about the future of photography |

ARTISTS and EXHIBITIONS
ALISON ROSSITER
| artist website | At Stephan Bulger gallery | Interview in BorderCrossings | Article in Canadian Art | Article at Lightwork.org

THOMAS RUFF
Photograms for the New Age | At Gagosian Gallery | At David Zwirner Gallery | Article about Jpegs | Video about Jpegs | Aesthetic of the Pixel | My Best Shot

INFORMATION, the exhibition curated curated by Kynaston McShine. At MoMA from July2-September 20, 1970. Exhibit summary (with additional links). Link to the exhibition’s archives.

CONVERSATION BETWEEN WALEAD BESHTY and EILEEN QUINLAN
Bombsite magazine website

WALEAD BESHTY
MOMA | Architectural Digest | It’s Nice That | Thomas Dane Gallery | The Guardian | interview (it’s a .pdf) | Petzel Gallery-images and press | Video at MOMA | Abstract Art or Photography

SAM FALLS
Artist website | Review in FRIEZE | Who and Whom

TALIA CHETRIT
Sies + Hoke | Interview in Interview |

MICHELE ABELES
Saatchi Gallery | MOMA

SARAH VANDERBEEK
Interview at Aperture Magazine | At Saatchi GalleryAltman Siegel | ArtForum 2014 review

MOYRA DAVEY
Grange Prize | Interview in Aperture | Review in ArtForum

ERIN SHIRREFF
Ansel Adams | artist website | Art 21 video | interview | Canadian Art: Three Essential Works | AIMA award

CARTER MULL
At Marc Foxx gallery

DANIEL GORDON
website | exhibition at New York Hortcultural Society of New York

ADAM BROOMBERG and OLIVER CHANARIN
website | The Day Nobody Died | Interview | At MOMA in the New Photography Show

SARA ANGELUCCI
website | Artist in Residence (2014) at the AGO

LORI NIX
Clamp Art | Artist website

PENELOPE UMBRICO
Article about Penelope Umbrico

JOHN HOUCK

VIK MUNIZ
website | film | At MIT | Video at ICP

JESSICA EATON
website | Also search this blog, there are several interviews with her.

MARCO BREUER
At Yossi Milo Gallery | Interview in St.Lucy

2013 Le Mois de la Photo a Montrea

EXHIBITIONS

New Photography 2013 at MOMA

• New Photography 2012 at MOMA

• New Photography (2009) at MOMA |

 

• PHOTOGRAPHY INTO SCULPTURE
Exhibit Press Release
Review/article from Aperture
New York Times review/article about a contemporary re-staging at Hauser & Wirth Gallery of the original 1970s exhibit.
Photography Into Sculpture, panel discussion. Video!

 

• Review of (the restaging) The Photographic Object, 1970• What Is A Photograph? | Exhibition at International Center of Photography.
NYTimes Review

• THE NEXT BIG PICTURE: With Cameras Optional, The new directions in photography?  Good slide show with this one!

Lost and Found Project (Tsuamni)

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art | Is Photography Over?

Exhibition at International Center of Photography | NYTimes Review

What are we talking about when we talk about photography? (with apologies to Raymond Carver).A copy of the catalog for WHAT IS A PHOTOGRAPHY is available for browsing in the digital lab.

 

Marco Breuer Untitled (Fuse), gelatin silver paper, burned, 1996THE EDGE OF VISION
The Edge of Vision, Revisited.
The Edge of Vision VIDEO INTERVIEWS with most of the artists!!
Lyle Rexer explains the book’s concept

HILLMAN PHOTOGRAPHY INITIATIVE
Maybe you’re thinking about the life cycle of images? Hillman Photography Initiative.

The Hillman Photography Initiative at Carnegie Museum of Art (CMOA) investigates the lifecycle of images: their creation, transmission, consumption, storage, potential loss, and reemergence. Technology accelerates the pace of this cycle, and often alters or redirects the trajectory of an image in unexpected, powerful ways.

The Hillman Photography Initiative is an incubator for innovative thinking on the photographic image. The Initiative centers around four projects that, taken together, investigate the boundaries and possibilities of photography through the way that an image travels. Conceived through an open, discursive process, unique in a museum setting, these projects include live public events at the museum, a pop-up reading room in the galleries, two collaborative web-based projects, and a series of commissions, including documentary videos, art projects, and writing. This website is designed to foster public conversations around the larger story that these four projects tell, and knit them together in a single experience.

**

The Hillman Photography Initiative has so many cool projects: Orphaned Images, The Invisible Photography, I’m especially excited for the upcoming issue about Physics and photographic processes! (nerd), and This Picture, which asks people to stop, look and respond to one image at a time. One image at a time—how we should all be looking. Looking, not swiping through SnapChat and Instagram.

 

TECHNIQUES and TOOLS
Before drones (and projects like Dronestagram) were used for photographic surveillance, people relied on balloons, kites and pigeons.  The camera in the above image was large enough to shoot large format film and required 9-17 kites to lift it.

07823u-1-edit_custom-2b86c196a8f6281e846662aca9f569ce4f576994-s4-c85
San Francisco Bay, 1906
Read the rest of the article and see more images here.

Dronestagram. And while we’re talking about drones, the theme of this year’s Le Mois de la Photo a Montreal was Drone: The Automated Image. Search the site for better yet, download the program.

DRONESTAGRAM |
description of project
TREVOR PAGLEN (the artist who started Dronestragram)

 

PIGEON CAM!
449px-Dr_Julius_Neubronner_patented_a_miniature_pigeon_camera_activated_by_a_timing_mechanism,_1903

A selection of images and pigeon cams | more about the origins, history and application | uses during war | The Pigeon Spy |

tumblr_msi9fkWRIc1scyw7so1_500

Bruno Ribeiro’s absurdist interpretation of Instagram.

CAMERA LESS PHOTOGRAPHY AT THE VICTORIA AND ALBERT MUSEUM

GARY FABIAN MILLER
website | In Camera-less photography at V&A musuem

CAMERA-LESS PHOTOGRAPHY at the Victoria and Albert Musuem
Directory of Artists (videos) |  Camera-less photography techniques

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

From Daguerrotype to Digital: a brief history of colour photography

George Eastman House’s photostream on Flickr. Excellent historic images.

Short video about the Autochrome process, from The ImageWorks in Rochester, NY.

Concise History of Color Photography with excellent images and text.

The George Eastman House: Notes on Photographs: An international forum for gathering information that enhances the communal understanding of the photographic print.

A short video about the history of color photography from the Smithsonian Institution (Washington, DC)

History and manufacture of Lantern Slides.

The scandal and possible truth surrounding Levi Hill who claimed to have invented color photography.

 

THE FIRST DIGITAL CAMERA

digitalcamera_240

(Image from the New York Times Magazine)

This is the first DIGITAL (filmless) camera. 1975!
Wonder why it took so long to be on the consumer market? Read this.

 

 

 

colorful pixels

 

A list of links about the origins of the digital camera, as well as other connections between photography and technology.
SELFIES
Because we can’t talk about current photography without talking about the scourge of the Selfie (yuck) here is a site, SelfieCITY that  Investigates Selfies in five cities across the world. Explore the site, especially the essays.

 

PICTURES OF CATS! (before the Internet)

cat
Just in case you think cats + social media is new, (mew?) it’s not.

Maker: S.L. Upham & Fowler
Title: Cat / opaque background
Date: ca. 1875
Medium: albumen print
Dimensions: Image: 9.5 x 5.5 cm Mount: 10.1 x 6.2 cm

 

This image is from the George Eastman House Flickr Feed.

 

INSTAGRAM and GEOTAGGING
This is Now! : This site showcases the latest image uploaded to Instagram based on geo-tag locations.

If you’re on Instagram, and want more followers, leave your instagram name in the comments. I’m Mrs.JonathanHart. Yes, Hart to Hart. The TV show.

 

MORE ABOUT THE HISTORY OF PHOTOGRAPHY
If you’re interested in more information about the History of Photography, check out this and this.

 

THE ORIGINS OF PHOTOGRAPHY–the CAMERA OBSCURA

In the above posts, you’ll find a brief history of the camera obscura, how many painters such as Vermeer used a camera obscura to aid in his painting, as well as contemporary artists who use the camera obscura.

If you’re interested in the connection between Vermeer and the camera obscura, this is a compelling documentary:

Tim’s Vermeer” a documentary by Penn and Teller (yes, THAT Penn and Teller) about one man’s obsession with discovering Vermeer’s secrets. Hint: camera obscura! Trailer | NY Times article | TIFF summary

 

 

 

Final Project Research

For my final project for Photo III, I am working with my scanner to attempt to take pictures with it through the means of a camera obscura and a modified scanner.  My interest lies in the interest of combining new technology with the oldest known camera.  I am interested in creating photographs without the use of what everyone knows to be a conventional camera.  I am also interested in capturing images from film and videos, in an attempt to capture a moment in time that has already been captured, and then reassembled into a moment that can be viewed an infinite amount of times, through an infinite amount of devices.
A few artists and things that have inspired me, or stuck with me while I was thinking about this theme for my project were Hiroshi Sugimoto who captures images via long exposures of movie theatres, seascapes, and architectural buildings.  Although he uses a conventional camera, the images that are captured I find quite engaging and it is based on a similar work style in thematic and possibly visual aspects.  Another source of inspiration that I found helpful when thinking about my work is Idris Khan.  With his use of appropriation in some works and layering in most, the aesthetic qualities are visually compelling, but also aid in the ideas of using appropriation from different sources.  Another source of inspiration that is behind a lot of what I do is Gordon Matta-Clark. I find him to be a very compelling figure in the field of art, and the images that are provided as documentation of his works are very interesting to me.  Oh and also Simon Starling.

I have Links below to information about the artists mentioned and also the technical aspects of my project.

Simon Starling:
http://caseykaplangallery.com/cat/artists/starling/
simon starling lko

Gordon Matta-Clark:
http://www.davidzwirner.com/artists/gordon-matta-clark/survey/
Matta-Clark-Splitting

Idris Khan:
https://www.saatchigallery.com/artists/idris_khan.htm
Image

Hiroshi Sugimoto:
http://c4gallery.com/artist/database/hiroshi-sugimoto/hiroshi-sugimoto.html

Image
Image
Camera Obscura:
http://brightbytes.com/cosite/what.html

MOMA’s Version:
https://www.moma.org/collection/details.php?theme_id=10060
David Hockney’s Version:

Model for a camera obscura that is similar to the one I will be making:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HwqemdN9zac

Scanner Camera:
http://makezine.com/projects/deluxe-scanner-camera/

Links about the history of colour photography

George Eastman House’s photostream on Flickr. Excellent historic images.

Short video about the Autochrome process, from The ImageWorks in Rochester, NY.

Concise History of Color Photography with excellent images and text.

The George Eastman House: Notes on Photographs: An international forum for gathering information that enhances the communal understanding of the photographic print.

A short video about the history of color photography from the Smithsonian Institution (Washington, DC)

History and manufacture of Lantern Slides.

The scandal and possible truth surrounding Levi Hill who claimed to have invented color photography.

A list of links about the origins of the digital camera, as well as other connections between photography and technology.

CMYK

Short film, creative interpretation of cymk in everyday printing (cereal boxes, etc)

FOUNDATIONS of VISION: COLOR
Fantastic resource via Stanford University

EDWIN LAND
Video about Edwin Land (the inventor of Polaroid) and his two color process.

An article describing the relationship between Edwin Land’s experiments and James Clark Maxwell’s discoveries.

ALTERED PERCEPTION and VISION
Dr. George Stratton

Dr. George Stratton’s original article,
SOME PRELIMINARY EXPERIMENTS ON VISION WITHOUT INVERSION OF THE RETINAL IMAGE.

Summary and explanation of Stratton’s work, courtesy of the staff of San Francisco’s Museum of Science, Art, and Human Perception.

Newer article, based on Stratton’s research.

Great WIRED article about neuroplasticity, vision, and perception.

Video showing inverted vision experiments: Living in a Reversed World.

The illusion of colour constancy | Color Subjectivity | Living in the past
Video.

Is your red my red? No. It isn’t.

The neurological lag between seeing light and understanding/processing light.

Photo I : Photograms

ALISON ROSSITER

Guilleminot-Riviera-ca30-diptych 516dcd9059f80photo_high_8690

• Represented by Stephen Bulger (Toronto)
Yossi Milo (NY)
• Canadian Art profile
Article in Le Rencontres d’Arles
Video at Gallery Intell

GARY FABIAN MILLER2010_002_night-cell

Artist Website
Video and images at Victoria and Albert Museum
At Ingleby Gallery

SHADOW CATCHERS at The Victoria and Albert Museum
• Camera-less photo
techniques at Victoria and Albert Museum
A History of Camera-less Photography at the Victoria and Albert Museum.
A listing of all of the artists plus video interviews in the Camera-less Photography exhibit.

ADAM FUSS
Adam_Fuss_-14-271x420

• At Cheim & Reid
• At Fraenkel Gallery
• At Artists and Alchemists
• Good article with terrible formatting
Interview in BOMB magazine.

ANNA ATKINS

2006AG1356_anna_atkins_grasses_camera-less_photography_custom_290x413_06200883

Festuca grasses from ‘British and Foreign Flowering Plants and Ferns’, c.1854

Brief Bio | The Getty | University of Texas, Austin

SUSAN DERGES
Susan Derges
Prix Pictet
Paul Kasmin Gallery
Video, commissioned by the Victoria and Albert Museum.
At Oxford University
At Danziger Gallery

GENERAL HISTORY OF photograms
From Man Ray to Thomas Ruff—article
Good description with images
William Henry Fox Talbot | Photogenic Drawings
Arts Connected

MAN RAY-Rayograms
DP106472
Metropolitan Museum of Art
At Aqua Velvet
General description of photography and surrealism

LASZLO MOHOLY NAGY

DP106472
At MOMA
At the Getty

ABELARDO MORELL

photogram01_flashlight
Flashlight and Salt, photogram on 8×10 film
More of his photograms

THOMAS RUFF
Ruff06_phg.06_2012
Photograms for the new age (interview in Aperture magazine)
See more work at David Zwirner gallery

2610: Singular Images: Images

The first essay discusses the image, Latice Window (with the Camera Obscura), August 1835.

Here it the full image:LatticedWindowAtLacockAbbey

Here is a version that has been colour corrected and enlarged:

Latticed_window_at_lacock_abbey_1835

Here are references to the image:
Metropolitan Museum of Art (good explanatory text)

National Media Archive (scroll down a bit)

Oxford Reference entry for the image

Google Images (to see all the variations, good and bad, of uploading an historic image to the web)

Contemporary interpretation of Talbot’s iconic image from the Victoria and Albert Museum exhibit, “Shadow Catchers: Camera-less Photography” 2010

More information about William Henry Fox Talbot.

**

The second essay discusses Charles Nègre, “Chimney Sweeps Walking”, 1852.

It is in the collection of the National Gallery of Canada.
This is an compelling analysis of Negrè’s image as it relates to representation and capitalism.

Charles Nègre entry in the Encyclopedia of 19th Century Photography.

**

In today’s lecture I mentioned the following artists/scientists/concepts/websites
:NASA (!) multimedia

This is Now! : This site showcases the latest image uploaded to Instagram based on geo-tag locations.

Eadweard Muybridge

MuybridgeBuffalo Muybridge_race_horse_animated

Harold Edgerton
Edgerton digital collection at MIT

Martin Klimas
Hiroshi Sugimoto
Sophie Calle

Rineke Dijkstra

Post-mortem photography
Lots of information available on this topic, but this is a good collection of images (on Pinterest of all places!)

The invisible/hidden mother
images from The Guardian.
A book on the subject.
Article in The Guardian
BBC news
The disappearing mother

Stereographs at the Library of Congress |
A brief history of stereographs and stereoscopes (good images)
Stereographs and travel.
Stereographs and the U.S. Civil War (good images)

Carte de Visite: A brief history of the Carte de Visite from the American Museum of Photography

Excellent resource of carte de visites from the Flickr feed of the George Eastman House