Brief History of Photography: Camera Obscura and Vermeer

But first, this. A different way of thinking about why we take photographs

Abelardo Morrell: Youtube

Abelardo Morell’s website.

The connection between lens making, photography and Vermeer:
David Hockney’s, A Secret Knowledge. You can find the entire documentary on Youtube. Here is Hockney on the Charlie Rose show

The book.

Not everyone agrees with Hockney’s thesis. Some counter arguments, here and here. The later one is perhaps the most valid because its author is a scholar. Hockney’s project has inspired further exploration and scholarship.

Jerry Spagnoli: contemporary daguerreotypist. A video presentation. His website.

BBC program: The Genius of Photography

George Eastman House on Flickr

“Tim’s Vermeer”a documentary by Penn and Teller (yes, THAT Penn and Teller) about one man’s obsession with discovering Vermeer’s secrets. Hint: camera obscura! Trailer | NY Times article

Camera Obscura made from natural elements


1997_001_Camera-Obscura-Image-of-The-Grand-Tetons-in-Resort-001.jpgMore Abelardo Morell | Above image is The Grand Tetons in the Resort Room, 1997

Short video detailing the Camera Obscura in San Francisco.

The Dyer Star Chamber at Vanderbilt University (Nashville, Tennessee)

Great source (terrible design) all about camera obscura!

Site about custom camera obscura design.

Contemporary artists using camera obscura: 


Trudi Lynn Smith

Abelardo Morell Tent Camera Obscura in Big Bend National Park

RETHINKING what is a PORTRAIT? Experiment #2 (part 2)

Student work!

Kids With Santa, from the project, “100 Special Moments

Portraits | Playboy | 100 Special Moments | Short statement


Ice Watch Paris | The Weather Project at TATE MODERN | Studio Olafur Eliasson

NADAV ASSOR | Lessons On Leaving The Body | Julie M gallery



Robert Burley

From the exhibit: The Disappearance of Darkeness.
An entire blog about Photography in a Post-Photographic Age


Why We Walk (above photo) |

Other projects:
Between Liberties (A project about immigration) |
Look at all of his “longterm projects” they are all poignant and beautifully shot.

| THE HUMAN RACE MACHINE | Early Composites | Early Work, Clamp Art (decently sized images)


Matthew Marks gallery | MOMA
His Animations at DHC/ART in Montreal.

Andrea Rosen |

The Hotel Series | Thesis on Hotel Series | At the TATE (full screen images)

Whitechapel Gallery (London) | Review in The Guardian

Review/Essay in FRIEZE | Images |

Medicine Cabinets

Lick and Lather  | Luhring Augustine (gallery) | Art 21 video



Machine Drawings

Text at Guggenheim | Game Time

Nine Eyes of Google Street View | Essay

Other artists to consider: Catherine Opie, Annette Messager, Chris Ironside, Cindy Sherman, Yoon Sung Min (Dwelling)

Museum of Contemporary Photography | The Creator’s Project, overview

Museum of Contemporary Photography | The Creator’s Project, overview





Assignment 2: Environmental Portraits

Twin1 Twin2

These images are from the Behold :The Photog blog at SLATE magazine. The first two images are portraits by Maja Daniels who was commissioned by New York magazine to photograph french identical twins, Monette and Mady. The project won the Contour by Getty Images Portrait Prize.
More images + Article

Rineke Dijkstra | Tate Modern | Cruel and Tender | Guggenheim | MORE Guggenheim

| A conversation with Alec Soth

MOMA | Amber Online | August Sander. com

Girl Culture | THIN

Museum of Contemporary Photography | Google
I’ve uploaded a .pdf on the courselink site.

A Conversation

A conversation | portraits

Arnold Newman websitePDN gallery



PFH37_SULTAN_My_Mother_Posing_for_Me_1984-700x571LARRY SULTAN | Pictures From Home

TINA BARNEY (an interview in Bomb Magazine )

Mary Ellen Mark |

BILL OWENS | Suburbia

STUDENT WORK | Andy Huckle

Christine De Vuono – Final Project

ARTIVISM is the act of melding Art with Activism. Many artists who begin to document injustice find themselves in the realm of the political. We only need to look at the works of Ai Weiwei, Richard Mosse, Brian McCarty and Shadi Ghadirian to see the transition for documentary to activism.

In my final project I am planning to look at ways to explore how the declaration of Human Rights (1948) is either denied or reflected within our world.  Like the Terms and Agreements we all need to agree to in order to access technology,  Human Rights is another document we in theory agree to, yet it does not penetrate our day to day existence. Through this photo project I want to begin exploring the Rights that are part of who we are and in theory must be agreed to when dealing with other people.

I am looking at various artists that explore Human Rights and illustrate injustices through their art.  Aside from the beginning idea of melding articles from the declaration with protraiture, I am still exploring how I want this to look in its final form.

I have had trouble loading my slides onto WordPress in a form you can see as part of the thread.  I have managed to create a link to the PowerPoint, so if you want to look up the artists and various websites linked to their work, please download the slide presentation and view them that way. ARTIVISM

Final Project Research

For my final project for Photo III, I am working with my scanner to attempt to take pictures with it through the means of a camera obscura and a modified scanner.  My interest lies in the interest of combining new technology with the oldest known camera.  I am interested in creating photographs without the use of what everyone knows to be a conventional camera.  I am also interested in capturing images from film and videos, in an attempt to capture a moment in time that has already been captured, and then reassembled into a moment that can be viewed an infinite amount of times, through an infinite amount of devices.
A few artists and things that have inspired me, or stuck with me while I was thinking about this theme for my project were Hiroshi Sugimoto who captures images via long exposures of movie theatres, seascapes, and architectural buildings.  Although he uses a conventional camera, the images that are captured I find quite engaging and it is based on a similar work style in thematic and possibly visual aspects.  Another source of inspiration that I found helpful when thinking about my work is Idris Khan.  With his use of appropriation in some works and layering in most, the aesthetic qualities are visually compelling, but also aid in the ideas of using appropriation from different sources.  Another source of inspiration that is behind a lot of what I do is Gordon Matta-Clark. I find him to be a very compelling figure in the field of art, and the images that are provided as documentation of his works are very interesting to me.  Oh and also Simon Starling.

I have Links below to information about the artists mentioned and also the technical aspects of my project.

Simon Starling:
simon starling lko

Gordon Matta-Clark:

Idris Khan:

Hiroshi Sugimoto:

Camera Obscura:

MOMA’s Version:
David Hockney’s Version:

Model for a camera obscura that is similar to the one I will be making:

Scanner Camera:

Final Project Help | Resources

Research | The importance of looking.

This list is by no means exhaustive, but it is a good place to start.

Museum | Gallery websites
is a great list of photography-related museums
Saatchi Gallery
Tate Modern
Metropolitan Museum of Art
The British Museum
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
Smithsonian Cooper-Hewittt National Design Museum
Smithsonian American Art Museum
Centre Pompidou (Paris)
Guggenheim (Bilbao)
Guggenheim (NY)
The J.Paul Getty Museum
MIT open courseware
Art Gallery of Ontario (AGO)
Musee d’Art Contemporain (Montreal)
Wexner Center for the Arts
Museum of Contemporary Art (Chicago)

National Gallery of Canada
Victoria and Albert Museum

International Center of Photography. Especially their BLOG and their searchable image database/archive.

Magazines | Online Journals
Aperture Magazine (Especially the weekly blog)
The F Stop (professional photographers discuss their craft)
Border Crossings
Frieze Magazine
Art Forum
Art Papers
Canadian Art
Feature Shoot
(interviews with contemporary photographers)
Conscientious Extended
St. Lucy

Monoskop: A wiki for art and culture

Ciel Variable : The Archives

Shooting Gallery

OTIS College on YouTube (excellent resources for artist interviews, lectures, etc)

Art 21

My Modern Met



Scholarly websites
TATE research
Smart History

Journal of Contemporary Art

Art Facts
Images: A Journal of Film and Popular Culture
Arts section of New York Times
Subject and Course guides from The U of G library

PHOTOGRAPHY at the Smithsonian Magazine

Keeping Track of your Research
Creating a Google Alert. Tips for getting the results you want

Texture • Breaking the photographic surface Photo-based installationConstructed environments

• Above image by Holly Roberts
• Drawings based on photographs, at the scale of 35mm negatives: Paul Chiappe
Robert Parke Harrison especially The Architect’s Brother

Above image by Sara Angelucci
• Thomas Demand | website | about a recent exhibit in Montreal
• Annette Messager | about | interview in Bomb | interview/review in The Guardian |
Aspen Mays
• Christian Boltanski | Marian Goodman gallery | MOMA | Park Avenue Armory (scroll for video)
Robin Rhodes | At White Cube | At Lehmann Maupin | On this blog
Tidying Up! (above images by Ursus Wehrli)
Ursus Wehrli | TED talk
Tony Cragg
Tony Cragg
Not sure what category this belong in, other than the GOOD! category
Ryan Park, Medium

Street Photographers

Helen Levitt
Stephen Shore
Robert Frank
Gary Winogrand
Lee Friedlander
Mary Ellen Mark
Bruce Davidson
Joel Meyerowitz
James Nachtwey
Black Star Agency
Magnum Photo Agency
And, I say this all the time, The New York Times Lens BlogThis is a good beginning, search this blog or any of the other zillion resources I’ve posted.

The Edge of Vision

Artie Vierkant’s “Image Object Friday 7 June 2013 4:33PM, 2013.”
Artie Vierkant, Higher Pictures, New York

What is a Photograph?
Exhibition at International Center of Photography.
NYTimes Review

“You feel like the cord to the mother ship has been cut,” she said, “and now you’re floating in space.” Carol Squiers, curator of What is a Photograph?

What are we talking about when we talk about photography? (with apologies to Raymond Carver).

The Edge of Vision, Revisited.
The Edge of Vision VIDEO INTERVIEWS!

Walead Beshty
| Video at MOMA | Abstract Art or Photography

New Photography (2009) at MOMA | Blog with interviews and video

Carter Mull
At Marc Foxx gallery |

Daniel Gordon | website | exhibition at New York Hortcultural Society of New York

Some artists to consider for Assignment #3
(don’t forget to research the artists mentioned in the reading)


Sara Angelucci | website | Artist in Residence at the AGO

Alison Rossiter | Article/Interview in BorderCrossings

Le Mois de la Photo a Montreal

Dronestagram | description of project

Penelope Umbrico| Article about Penelope Umbrico

John Houck

Trevor Paglen

Risa Horowitz | Imaging Saturn (images) | Imaging Saturn blog

Cara Barer | Interview about banal but significant objects  | Talking about her work in FeatureShoot.

Thomas Ruff

Sophie Calle

Vik Muniz

Guy Fabian Miller

John Pfahl

Liz Deschenes

Uta Barth

Ori Gershl

Martin Klimas

Dean Kessmann

Cara Barer

Adam Fuss

Sara Greenberger Rafferty

Mike and Doug Starn (The Starn Twins)

Sarah Anne Johnson

Jason Salavon

Jessica Eaton

Evan Lee

This list is by no means exhaustive. Feel free to augment the list in the comments!

Robin Rhode | Interview with the artist
Thomas Demand
Holly Roberts
Molly Springfield
Laurie Simmons
Ann Hamilton (sculptor)
Andy Goldsworthy
Thomas Demand
Ruth Thorne Thomsen
Christian Boltanski
Robert Parke Harrison
Dieter Appelt
David Levinthal
Helen Van Meene
Abelardo Morell (amazing camera obscura)
Vik Muniz
Sigmar Polke
Gordon Matta-Clark
Aspen Mays



Go here. It’s an amazing resource of artists.

And, to help you think about what you’re deconstructing:
You might want to watch: David Hockney’s, A Secret Knowledge, (part 1), (part 2), (part 3).

Paul Chiappe!

These are tiny tiny tiny drawings, based on vintage, found, photographs. Go here (it’s a great site) for more information.

Photo I : Photograms


Guilleminot-Riviera-ca30-diptych 516dcd9059f80photo_high_8690

• Represented by Stephen Bulger (Toronto)
Yossi Milo (NY)
• Canadian Art profile
Article in Le Rencontres d’Arles
Video at Gallery Intell

GARY FABIAN MILLER2010_002_night-cell

Artist Website
Video and images at Victoria and Albert Museum
At Ingleby Gallery

SHADOW CATCHERS at The Victoria and Albert Museum
• Camera-less photo
techniques at Victoria and Albert Museum
A History of Camera-less Photography at the Victoria and Albert Museum.
A listing of all of the artists plus video interviews in the Camera-less Photography exhibit.


• At Cheim & Reid
• At Fraenkel Gallery
• At Artists and Alchemists
• Good article with terrible formatting
Interview in BOMB magazine.



Festuca grasses from ‘British and Foreign Flowering Plants and Ferns’, c.1854

Brief Bio | The Getty | University of Texas, Austin

Susan Derges
Prix Pictet
Paul Kasmin Gallery
Video, commissioned by the Victoria and Albert Museum.
At Oxford University
At Danziger Gallery

From Man Ray to Thomas Ruff—article
Good description with images
William Henry Fox Talbot | Photogenic Drawings
Arts Connected

MAN RAY-Rayograms
Metropolitan Museum of Art
At Aqua Velvet
General description of photography and surrealism


At the Getty


Flashlight and Salt, photogram on 8×10 film
More of his photograms

Photograms for the new age (interview in Aperture magazine)
See more work at David Zwirner gallery

Welcome to Photo III

And welcome back previous Photo III peeps!

A few images to inspire you at the beginning of the semester.

These images are from the Behold :The Photog blog at SLATE magazine. The first two images are portraits by Maja Daniels who was commissioned by New York magazine to photograph french identical twins, Monette and Mady. The project won the Contour by Getty Images Portrait Prize.
More images + Article

Twin1 Twin2

This second set of images is by artist Melanie Willhide. Ms.Willhide’s computer (and back-up) drive were stolen and then returned and what happened next transformed her images. Read the article about how she dedicated her recent exhibition ( To Adrian Rodriguez, With Love,) to the thief that stole her computer.






Studio Physics | John Chervinsky


Coffee Cups and Paintings on Doors, 2011 from John Chervinsky’s series Studio Physics.

Chervinsky spent eighteen years running a particle accelerator (woah) at Harvard University and has collaborated with museums, using accelerator technology in the analysis of art. Chervinsky currently works at Harvard’s Rowland Institute for Science.

Hourglass Paintings on Door, 2012.